File Size: 556 KB
Print Length: 188 pages
Publisher: Monthly Review Press (June 1, 2011)
Publication Date: June 1, 2011
Fred Magdoff and John Bellamy Foster (professors from University of Vermont and Oregon respectively) very plainly and realistically describe environment impacts and disasters (man made and natural) and our collective consumerism in a way that even this Texan that failed to develop recycling can "get it. " The urgency in which something MUST change has forced me to really take a look at my spend, purchases, and growth wishes to replace the mantra of MORE MORE MORE with Enough Enough Adequate.
I feel that the accessibility and practical nature of technology, demographics, data, and data allowed me personally to face my personal duty of environmental impact in a way that doesn't lead me to buying a Starbucks and failing not to notice. Virtually, it doesn't matter what I do - in some ways it is what I stop doing that helps the most.
Living Better creates this competition that is rooted in progress and consumption. Living Nicely is about enough get to everyone as an individual responsibility. It isn't just about buying more recycled products, are positioning old light bulbs with new ones, but leaving the lights on longer. Residing Well is about doing less with less. Virtually - think smaller - bigger has only triggered us problems.
I have created a few simple steps to help make this change in my own life.
1) BUY MUCH LESS S***... I am talking about s*** here on purpose. This year, I vowed to not buy anything. I don't imply food or office supplies, I mean s***. Products - meaningless stuff. In 2012, I have purchased a few things that were not necessary - but I actually can name thme - I bear in mind them. I never noticed how mindless I spend money. I have purchased 2 t-shirts, 2 sets of shoes, some clothes, and a necklace. Of which is virtually it. Regarding the records, I sold 3 pairs of shoes to buy those 2 sets so I consider that the draw.
2) DON'T IMPROVE... You don't need the new gizmo just because their is a brand new gizmo. I kept my lousy mobile phone for per year lengthier than I needed to. I am still typing this on a 3 year old lap top that is covered in duct tape. My color print prints in a color now - black seems to work. If you keep everything one year longer than you think you need to - you just left a tiny footprint.
3) WORK IT OUT... Restoration, tape up, glue, fix, whatever is broken instead of just buying a new one. Make it work for as long as possible. If that doesn't work - make it work for a little bit longer that you usually would. This really matters.
4) SHARE... Give items to others and borrow or share what you have with others. Even with the Carry out It Yourself movement, we don't all need our own table saw - borrow a neighbors, hire one, share yours, and so on. Warning - this may involve communicating with other humans in a live manner and could lead to more personal relationships and community building.
5) TALK... What if we actually had conversations with one another about how exactly much waste or how little waste we produce. We could speak about browsing, or repair tips; we could speak about books we have checked out from the library or lent to a friend. We could reuse tote bags, cups, items. We could take one napkin or replace unused ketchup packets.
It is the little things - Little things got us where we are today and little things turn into big things. This is just as true now as it has always recently been. What little things can you do today that are different? Doing something different will lead to a different result.
Jessica Pettitt is the "diversity educator" your household warned you about. Via teaching, writing, and assisting tough conversations, she has determined how to BE the change she would like to BE. Now it is your turn!
As she moves around the country, you can catch up with Jessica on: Facebook: [... ]
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Twitter: [... ], Great guide and came quickly., Wow what would happen In case everyone living in a capitalist economy read this book... oh yea how various things would be today and then for the future., The title is factual but misleading. A more accurate title would have been " What we think every environmentalist needs to know about capitalism". The premise, that the environment and capitalism are fundamentally incompatible, is presented through a series of examples that show plainly that the environment has endured from the Industrial Revolution. Upon this we all agree. However, through the use of well documented but less than scholarly referrals, and a fair amount of self-referential qoutes, generally from Marx, cause and effect will never be proven and the argument collapses under its own weight. No counter-examples of the beneficial effects of using free markets and private property rights to solve natural source problems has, although they are widely available. They authors are only half wrong; Any system that requires compound growth must eventually reach a reduce, yes, but the highest level of stewardship occurs when private parties making selections about the natural resources under their control face both the gain and losing in a freely transacted social setting. The ironic thing is paying . 75 for the Kindle version which presumably generates money for the authors., "What Every Environmentalist Needs to Learn about Capitalism" is Magdoff and Foster's attempt to encourage environmentalists that the radical ecologist position is right. Because of the enormity of ocean acidification, overpopulation, and climate change, extreme measures will be necessary in the near future in order to avoid the undoing of earth as a livable earth. According to the writers though, the condition environmentalists face is even larger than the directly obvious aspects of ecological degradation. Rates of resource consumption between nations are generally deeply unequal, with nations such as the Oughout. S. representing the mass of humanity's resource consumption. And yet, governments and international corporations in JUST ABOUT ALL parts of the entire world, not just the first world, with excitement participate in ecological destruction through the production of pollutants and insane rates of material extraction + consumption. Working-class and indigenous people usually bear the brunt of capitalism's anti-ecological effects. Plenty of companies pay lip service to the idea of being "green, " but their hard work is usually paltry, or regarding BP, once considered to be at the forefront of corporate green activism, a ruse that covers up their job in destroying food supplies and ecosystems. These phenomena may appear to be imprudencia in origin, but Magdoff and Foster argue that they are undoubtedly connected, and that they all early spring from the capitalist relation to nature. Their argument can be summed up as follows:
1. Capitalism is a system of revenue. The goal of capitalism is to take limited resources and limited labor-time and change them into maximum revenue.
2. Capitalism always expands in size. So as to maintain "economic health, " capitalist economies need to grow at a important rate so that they become bigger and larger as part of a continual process.
3. 3. The need for economic growth and profit-creation trumps other concerns within a capitalist society. All other possible societal concerns, such as ecological sustainability and social justice, credit rating to be pursued within the confines of capitalist logic, must be subsumed under the profit-motive. They cannot exist "alongside" the profit-motive, or change the nature of the profit-motive in a meaningful way. All other societal needs are forced to obey the profit-motive in order to ensure that they are not destroyed by it.
4. Technological strategies to ecological problems are usually invalidated by the capitalist system. Improvements in technical efficiency usually, in the eyes of corporations, stand for a method by which to increase production and gain a competitive edge.
5. Organic and Green capitalist companies will never change the ecologically destructive nature of capitalism. They are small by nature. They can only be green as far as they can focus on a niche market. In every instance a green or organic and natural firm has grown to a national or multi-national level, they've been forced to give up their ethical vision in order to stay competitive.
Because of these traits, capitalism will ruin the earth as we know it- that is, except if you decide to use to oppose the logic of capitalist accumulation entirely. Magdoff and Create spend the first part of the book sharing data and observations about the accelerating rate of ecological decline across the world. This information is probably common to most environment friendly people, but the conclusions that the authors draw are quite unorthodox, even amidst hard-line environmentalists. The middle section explains the contradictions of capitalism that cause ecological destruction, and why sociable inequality and imperialism originate from the same regulations of capitalist accumulation. These kinds of sections also assess and critique writings by other ecological thinkers.
The final section is the most explicitly Marxist in content. Here, the authors discuss Marx, Engels, Lebowitz, Harvey, Sweezy, Robert Davis, Evo Morales, and other writers in order to provide a sketch of what an eco-socialist revolution would look like. An eco-socialist revolution will involve state planning, which will be necessary in order to overcome the tremendously powerful and dexterous nature of accumulationist logic. Capitalists will need to be dispossessed of their power, and the citizenry will control how wealth is distributed and created. Many aspects of the economy will become localized, and another of the major challenges of the possible eco-socialist society lies in their ability to balance local democratic control and local economies with centralized planning.
Because is usually the circumstance with Magdoff-Foster books, this one covers a great deal of ground in a relatively short quantity of area. Because this book focuses on anti-capitalist ecologism in relation to modern politics, I would highly recommend which it be read alongside Foster's The Vulnerable Planet: A Short Economic Background of the Environment (Cornerstone Books) which is also a brief argument for radical ecologism, but focuses on the history of capitalist development. Together, these books lead to a powerful case for the value of Marxian economics for the political ecologism movement.
Overall, I would say that this book is a great place for curious environmentalists to investigate what Marxist concept has to offer ecological activism. However , this guide does not really familiarize the reader with Marxism as a social-scientific strategy to political analysis, instead of just as a politics position. They argue for socialism using arguments personalized for an environmentalist audience, nonetheless they do not really show how the Marxist perspective works. Don't get me wrong though- Provided its objective and persuasiveness, this is an important book for environmentalists to read. I simply personally think that political ecologists could also benefit from cultivating a comprehension of Marxian research itself. For this reason, I would also recommend reading The Domanda of Capital: and the Crises of Capitalism by David Harvey in order to gain a much better understanding of Marxism as a means to interpret political, ecological, and social problems., Best Guide you can read about them.
In *The Ecological Riftt: Capitalism's War on the Earth*
the authors take a group's eye take on evolution and
natural selection, which is pretty obsolete.
But the arguments both in works are precise, concrete, and
quite clear. These kinds of books are the biggest launch of the century what
the situation with Climate Change is about: Economic Growth.
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